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Gingoog is a Manobo word for good luck. The word implies good fortune, thus Gingoog means the city of GOOD LUCK. Gingoog originated from a thriving native settlement of Manobo tribe in the area, known today as Barangay Daan-Lungsod. The influx of migrants from neighboring places contributed to the city’s growth, giving rise to the necessity of expansion.
Being limited in area, the settlement had to be transferred to a more spacious site, and which was later relocated to the Gahub – Mangiskis area, the site of the present poblacion. This was chosen due to its potentials for socio-economic development.
In the realm of religion, the earliest natives had simply worshipped the anitos and held such respect and faith in the practice of “Diwata”. After a year, christian living was introduced by a Jesuit Missionary, Padre Felix Garcia who sowed the first seed of Christianity in the area.
In 1868, Gingoog became a Spanish Pueblo, and a few years later it was made a regular municipality under the American Regime in 1903. However, during the same period, it was reverted back to a barrio status under the municipality of Talisayan. Shortly after this period, it later regained the municipality status through the efforts of its leaders and people.
Along these period with its abundant natural resources, Gingoog slowly continued to edge forward their economic progress. After the World War II, the fast and vast production output of agriculture and logging industry created a momentum of progress that led to the initiation of Gingoog’s early independence from the Province of Misamis Oriental.
On June 18, 1960, Gingoog became a Chartered City by virtue of Republic Act No. 2668 signed by President Carlos P. Garcia. The late Congressman Fausto Dugenio authored the Charter status of the city. The city was created during the incumbency of Municipal Mayor Julio Ganaban and Vice-Mayor Arturo S. Lugod. The first elected city officials were City Mayor Domingo de Lara and Vice Mayor Romulo S. Rodriguez, respectively.
In the late sixties, Gingoog suffered a crunching economic slump brought about by the inflation rate of the peso and the low crop production. This was worsen by the infestation of the dreaded coffee borers in coffee farms coupled with the low buying price of coffee. In later years, The city’s electric service was stopped when CEPALCO withdrew its electric power leaving the city without light, thus, plunging the city into darkness.
On December 17, 1978, the city finally restored its electric power supply through the national government electrification program. Electric power of the city was provided by MORESCO II, which put back Gingoog on the road again. The influx of investors, the establishment of business and small-scale industries as well as the people’s hardwork, were important factors of the city’s progress.
The impact of infrastructure development and the utilization of agricultural resources boosted the trade, commerce and industry, bouncing back the city to its life. In 1982, Gingoog, from a mere third class city was elevated to a first class City. By 1984, it was adjudged as the most outstanding component city throughout Region 10.
Then came the unexpected EDSA REVOLUTION in 1986, the local government faced the challenge of restoring back the people’s faith in the government. The concept of reconciliation and economic recovery posted the city into a new era with high hopes of alleviating the standard of living of the populace. The economic recovery program was continued when President Fidel V. Ramos extended his vision towards “Philippines 2000” as becoming the newly industrialized country in the near future. The thrust of the present administration creates a momentum of business atmosphere around the country. Along this thrust, the local government is moving forward with its socio-economic development program of the city. The massive infrastructure projects such as; road construction/development, building construction, and social services development are requirements toward the optimum development of the agri-commerce activities of the city. The influx of investors and the increase in commercial and industrial activities will be expected in the coming years.
In the following years, the city government administration shall deliver an effective approach of public services. The utilization and maximization of agricultural and natural resources shall attain the objective of being a progressive and prosperous city of the region.
Geographical LocationGingoog City is located in the Northeastern coast of the province of Misamis Oriental. It is approximately 122 kilometers East of Cagayan de Oro City and 74 kilometers West of Butuan City. It lies between 124052 East longitudes and 80 52’ latitude. It is bounded in the East by the Municipality of Magsaysay and the Province of Agusan del Norte; in the South by the Province of Bukidnon; in the West by the municipalities of Claveria, Balingasag and Medina, all of Misamis Oriental; and in the North by Gingoog Bay.
Originally, the city’s land area was only 560 square kilometers. In July 1980, the Bureau of Lands redefined its boundaries increasing the area to 744.44 square kilometers. The 33% increase was derived from the Province of Bukidnon and the Municipalities of Claveria and Magsaysay. The boundary redefinition has been vigorously contested until Joint Resolution No. 01 series of 1993 of the sanggunians of Misamis Oriental, Gingoog City and Claveria agreeing to conduct a joint survey to determine the boundary of both LGUs which did not materialize.
In June 27, 1997, Manuel D. Gerochi, OIC Director of Lands, DENR-LMB, Manila, after reviewing the Base Map prepared by DENR-LMS, Regional Office 10, issued a rectification of the city’s land area from 36,460 hectares based on cadastral survey CAD-295 to 56,844 hectares. This was brought up after the LGU forwarded a complaint on its decreased IRA allocation for the same year when the 36,460 hectares area was being used as basis for IRA computation. The 20,000 hectares more or less, forested area in the south has a pending claim from the Municipality of Claveria.
The city used to have seventy-one (71) barangays only. By virtue of SP Resolution No. 270 and SP Code Ordinance series of 1986, eight (8) other barangays were created. These were once sitios of barangay Anakan and Malibud.
Presently, Gingoog has a total of seventy-nine (79) barangays. Twenty-nine of which are urban barangays and 50 are rural barangays. Of the 50 rural barangays, 11 lies along the national highway parallel with the Gingoog Bay. They are now considered as urbanizing barangays.
Rice and corn are the main cereal / food crops of the city. Irrigated rice land covers 450 hectares.
The area covered by Riceland constitutes 0.58 percent of the city’s total land area, and 1.33 percent of the city’s total agricultural area.
Total palay production for the year 1997 reached to 4,264.7 MT corn land in Gingoog City covers 520 hectares or approximately 0.68 percent of the city’s total land area and 1.54 percent of the city’s total agricultural area
Total corn production for the year 1997 reached to 1,716 MT.
b. Vegetables and rootcrops
The total land area planted to vegetables and rootcrops covers 290 hectares approximately 0.38 percent of the city’s total land area and 0.86 percent of the city’s total agricultural area.
Total production of vegetables and rootcrops for the year 1997 reached to 3,579.86 MT).
Coconut land covers an aggregate area of 30,100 hectares. It accounted to 39.10 percent of the city’s total land area and approximately 89.46 percent of the city’s total agricultural area.
Copra production for the year reached to 24,976.43 MT with an estimated value of P 249,764,300.00.
Coffee area covers 783 hectares which account to 1.02 percent of the city’s total land area and 2.32 percent of the city’s total agricultural area.
Coffee production for the year 1997 reached 470 MT (Table D-3) with an estimated value of P 25,850,000.00
c. Fruit trees
Major fruits that fall under this category are durian, marang, lanzones, rambutan, mango, mangosteen and “bauno”. It covers an area of 806 hectares approximately 1.05 percent of the city’s land area and 2.39 percent of the city’s agricultural land. Fruit production for the year 1997 reached 56,420 MT.
Banana covers an area of 695 hectares mostly lakatan and cardava varieties. It accounts for 0.90 percent of the city’s total land area and 2.06 percent of the city’s total agricultural area. Banana production for the year 1997 reached 4,730.55 MT.
Cutflower production is the latest agricultural venture that is gaining popularity particularly in Barangay Kalagonoy. Flowers that are raised include gladiolus, roses, baby’s breath and chrysanthemum. While in the poblacion, orchids, anthuruims and bromeliads are raised.
For the year 1997, the total area planted for cutflower production totaled only to 2.0 hectares with a production of 5 MT.